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Gum Disease Treatment

SmileCare Dental of Fitchburg / Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease Treatment

Gum disease begins as a minor inflammation of the gums, which is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is easy to treat, but if it goes untreated it can progress to more advanced gum disease, periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissues in your mouth and can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. This can then lead to teeth that become loose or even the loss of teeth.

It is important to treat gum disease because it is linked to other serious health conditions, such as heart disease. In fact, people with gum disease are almost twice as likely to also have heart disease. Studies have shown that the bacteria that cases gum disease can enter the blood stream and can lead to cardiovascular disease. Gum disease can be treated and maintained, however. In the beginning stages, a professional cleaning may be enough to relieve your gum inflammation.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Symptoms of gum disease include

Gum disease is very common, but it is also very preventable. The best way to prevent gum disease is by having a good oral care routine. Brush twice daily, floss daily and get regular dental checkups. Here are some of the symptoms of gum disease:

Red and swollen gums

Bad breath

Receding gums

Sensitive teeth

Wiggly or shifting teeth

Gums that bleed easily

Pain when chewing

Change in your bite

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Gum Disease FAQ

How does gum disease form?

In most cases, gum disease starts with plaque buildup. Plaque is a sticky film that consists mostly of bacteria. When the starches and sugars in the food and drink we consume interact with the bacteria that is naturally found in your mouth, plaque forms. Brushing often removes the plaque, but if left, plaque hardens into tartar. Tartar is more difficult to remove and the more that remains on your teeth, the more damage it causes. Plaque causes gingivitis, which is irritation and inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding your teeth. If not treated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, causing pockets to form between your teeth and gums. These pockets will with plaque, tartar and bacteria and can lead to loss of tissue and bone if not treated.

What are the risk factors for developing severe gum disease?

Risk factors for developing periodontitis include gingivitis, poor oral hygiene, smoking or chewing tobacco, hormonal changes, recreational drug use, obesity, inadequate nutrition, genetics, certain medications, certain conditions that cause decreased immunity, and certain diseases such as diabetes.

Are there serious side effects to periodontitis?

Yes – not only can untreated periodontitis wreak havoc on your smile, it can be dangerous to your overall health, as well. Periodontitis has been linked to respiratory disease, heart disease, and diabetes complications.

How can I prevent gum disease?

The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene, which includes regular visits to your dentist.

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